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Integrating nephelometer, angular response
experimental evaluation: Heintzenberg J 1978 (atmospheric aerosol)
Integrating nephelometer, backscattering (scattering angle 90-180°)
accuracy: Heintzenberg J and Bhardwaja 1976 (Mie-theory based evaluation)
Integrating nephelometer, bibliography
Integrating nephelometer, calibration
Integrating nephelometer, design
atmosphere: Heintzenberg J and Erfurt 2000, Rosen JM et al 1997 (model), Heintzenberg J and Charlson 1996, Anderson TL et al 1996, Mulholland GW and Bryner 1994 (model), Bodhaine BA et al 1991 (at three-wavelengths), Ruby MG 1985, Heintzenberg J and Backlin 1983, Heintzenberg J and Quenzel 1973b, Heintzenberg J and Quenzel 1973a (effect of loss of large particles during sampling), Garland JA and Rae 1970, Rae JB and Garland 1970, Crosby P and Koerber 1963
Integrating nephelometer, truncation error
Real-world integrating nephelometers integrate scattered light within a large but limited sub-range of the ideal angular range of 0 ° to 180 °. The imperfect integration is referred to as the trunction error. This error increases with the steepness of the volume scattering function. It is relatively small for atmopsheric applications (Abu-Rahmah A et al 2006, Marshall J et al 2005, Moosmuller H and Arnott 2003, Anderson TL et al 1996, Mulholland GW and Bryner 1994, Sloane CS et al 1991, Ensor DS and Waggoner 1970), but is quite significant for natural waters, which limits applications of integrating nephelometers in aquatic research (Jonasz M and Fournier 2007 (pp. 186-191).
Jonasz M. 2016. Integrating nephelometer (www.mjcopticaltech.com/Publications/IntegrNeph.php).
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